Urgent Need for Reorganization

A few years after its creation, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), was not only welcomed, but registered enormous successes in her different peace operations. Apart from improving stability in northern Mali and decreasing the number of civilians killed in the conflict, her actions did allow a large numbers of displaced persons to return home. MINUSMA also supported the organization of the 2013 elections and assisted the peace process, culminating in the 2015 Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, also known as the Algiers Agreement. Many of these achievements are still standing and are particularly impressive considering the size of Mali, the logistical challenges, the hostile security environment. 
But since 2016, MINUSMA’s strength and effectiveness in terms of stabilization and protection of civilians (PoC) has decreased. Violence has increased as jihadist groups have been attacking MINUSMA, the Malian Armed Force (FAMA), and the Algiers Agreement signatories. As a consequence, MINUSMA has sustained an extraordinary number of fatalities compared to other recent UN peace operations. At present, the international force is at crossroads, civilians are dying in attacks, and major mission funders like the United States are losing interest in supporting a costly UN peace operation that is not able to deliver quick results.
With MINUSMA’s 2019 mandate renewal, the Security Council has in essence decided the mission has to struggle ...



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