More Commitment Needed

It is about half a decade since what began as a civil strife by youths in Macimboa de Praia (Mozambique), asking for better living conditions became a full fledge war against terrorism.  Since then, the number of souls that have been lost and those displaced do raise eye brows. According to UN records, 3,700 people have lost their lives and 800,000 displaced due to the fighting. Though the local military with the aid of foreign troops have succeeded in suffocating the insurgents highly supported by the al-Shabab group, military force alone can’t bring urgent and lasting peace to the area. It is true that the best remedy to fight terrorism is to counter the terrorists by pressurising them in their hide-outs and making sure their arms and other basic supply networks are dismantled, but the efficiency of this method can only be achieved if all the stake holders involved in the fight are committed.
Though in the case of Mozambique where soldiers from about twenty-four nationalities are involved, it might appear difficult to coordinate (because while some troops are fighting under the banner of regional institutions like SADC, others like Rwanda owe their presence in the oil-rich country thanks to country-to-country negotiations), due to the numerous coordination centres, success can easily come through if it is accompanied by enormous social and economic fallouts capable of wooing the population that has in one way or the other been collaborating with some of the insurgents due to lack of a second option. 
To do this, the government of Mozambique and its regional partners should earmark strategies on how incentives can get to the population and even some of the insurgents who might be persuaded to...



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